The Systematic Review Process
- Identify an answerable problem or question that would fill a meaningful gap in the literature
- Define inclusion/exclusion criteria
- Develop a review protocol
- Create searches to locate studies
- Select relevant studies
- Extract data from individual studies
- Appraise the quality of the research
- Synthesize and summarize the findings of studies
- Write the manuscript
Before starting your review - determine if a SR is the best approach to answer your question.
- Will it fill a meaningful gap in existing literature?
- Is there already an existing review?
- If you identify an existing review, assess its quality.
- If a high quality review exists but was completed several years ago, a new review may be justified.
- Is another type of review a better fit?
- Do you have the necessary time and resources to complete a systematic review?